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SPECIAL REPORT: Transportation Appropriations and California Implications  --  July 5, 2001

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Interstate Maintenance

Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program

Federal Lands Highways

National Corridor Planning and Border Infrastructure Programs

Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities






Fixed Guideway Modernization

New Starts

Appropriations for Full Funding Grant Agreements (FFGA)

Job Access and Reverse Commute Grant Program



House Transportation Appropriations and California Implications - July 5, 2001

On Tuesday, June 26, 2001, by a vote of 426 to 1, the House passed the Transportation Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2002, H.R. 2299. It had passed the House Appropriations Committee on June 20 and its Transportation Subcommittee on June 11, both by voice vote. The Committee Report is H.Rept. 107-108. The following is a quick analysis of the bill from a California perspective as prepared by the California Institute. We apologize for any errors or omissions in our discussion of these documents, and would appreciate any input/feedback on how to make improving corrections. The ordering of items generally reflects their presence in the bill does not mean to imply any relative importance.

The House Transportation Appropriations bill would provide $17,118,121,000 in new budget (obligational) authority for the programs of the Department of Transportation and related agencies, $1,516,000 more than the $17,116,605,000 requested in the President's budget. In total, the bill includes obligational authority of $59,080,921,000 which includes new budget authority, guaranteed obligations contained in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) and the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR-21), limitations on obligations, and exempt obligations. This is $1,181,468,000 more than the comparable fiscal year 2001 enacted level and $109,515,000 more than the budget request.

The bill includes an appropriation of $13,275,481,000 for the Federal Aviation Administration, consistent with provisions of AIR-21, an increase of $687,481,000 above fiscal year 2001. The Coast Guard received a 6 percent increase over last year's level with an appropriation of $3,382,588,000 for operating expenses. The House appropriated $521,476,000 for grants to the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), to cover capital expenses.

Highway program obligation limitations were appropriated at $31,716,797,000, an increase of $2,054,991,000 over fiscal year 2001, while Transit program obligations were appropriated at $5,397,800,000, consistent with provisions of TEA-21, and $381,200,000 over fiscal year 2001. An appropriation of $298,203,000 for the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration includes $205,896,000 for the national motor carrier safety program, an increase of $29,600,000 above fiscal year 2001.


Grants-In-Aid for Airports

The bill includes $1,273,800,000 for discretionary grants to airports, $77,500,000 more than in fiscal year 2001. Within this obligation limitation, the Committee encouraged that priority be given to grant applications involving further development of several specified airports, including the following in California:


Meadows Field - For taxiway construction, new terminal & extension of runway 30L.

Santa Barbara Airport - To extend U.S. Forest Service ramp and construct new taxiway.

Stockton Metropolitan Airport - For replacement of runway lighting circuits; reconstruction GA apron; reconstruction of taxiway B shoulders.

Stockton Metropolitan Airport East - For construction of cargo apron and connector taxiways.

In report language regarding the San Jose Airport, the House report stated, "The Committee strongly commends FAA for the agency's efforts to date in assisting San Jose International Airport in its efforts to construct an additional air carrier runway and to address noise mitigation concerns. The Committee encourages the agency to give similar priority to assisting San Jose in constructing an automated people mover system linking the airport to the city's light rail system and in making other improvements to the terminal. The Committee encourages FAA to give high priority to expediting funding requests and environmental reviews related to these improvements."

The report also recommends $12,254,000 for the Office of Commercial Space Transportation (OCST), $2,452,000 below the budget request and $254,000 above the FY01 level.



The House report notes that the President's Budget recommended cost cutting at the Coast Guard in a number of areas, including the decommissioning of the USNS Vindicator, which is ported in San Diego, and several deployable pursuit boats, some of which are also located in San Diego. While the House Committee expressed disappointment in the plan, it stated, "it is apparent that the inability to control rising medical and energy costs, combined with increased unit costs for personnel ompensation and benefits, makes these reductions necessary."

In other language, the House bill "continues as a general provision (Sec. 312) language that would prohibit funds to plan, finalize, or implement regulations that would establish a vessel traffic safety fairway less than five miles wide between the Santa Barbara traffic separation scheme and the San Francisco traffic separation scheme. In 1989, the Department published a notice of proposed rulemaking that would narrow the originally proposed five-mile-wide fairway to two one-mile- wide fairways separated by a two-mile-wide area where off-shore oil rigs could be built if lease sale 119 goes forward. Under this revised proposal, vessels would be routed in close proximity to oil rigs because the two-mile-wide non-fairway corridor could contain drilling rigs at the edge of the fairways. The Committee is concerned that this rule, if implemented, could increase the threat of offshore oil accidents off the California coast. Accordingly, the bill continues the language prohibiting the implementation of this regulation."



The House bill provides $447,500,000 in Federal Highway Administration transportation research funds provided in fiscal year 2002, and research funds provided in previous years.


The bill recommends the $105,000,000 provided in TEA-21 for ITS research be allocated in the following manner: Research and development-$48,680,000; Operational tests - 12,930,000; Evaluation - 7,750,000; Architecture and standards - 15,290,000; Integration 11,350,000; Program support - 9,000,000. Recommended funding for ITS deployment activities in California are as follows:

Alameda-Contra Costa $1,000,000

Chinatown intermodal transportation center $3,500,000

Inglewood $1,000,000

Monterey-Salinas $1,500,000

Port of Long Beach $1,000,000

Rose Bowl access mitigation $ 600,000

Sacramento $ 3,000,000

San Diego joint transportation operations center $ 3,000,000

San Francisco central control communications $ 500,000

Silicon Valley transportation management center $ 1,500,000



Interstate Maintenance

The interstate maintenance program finances projects to rehabilitate, restore, resurface and reconstruct the Interstate system. Reconstruction of bridges, interchanges, and over-crossings along existing interstate routes is also an eligible activity if it does not add capacity other than high occupancy vehicle (HOV) and auxiliary lanes. The House bill's funds provided for the Interstate maintenance discretionary program in fiscal year 2002 include the following projects in California:

I-5 HOV/general purpose lanes $ 4,000,000

Tippecanoe/I-10 interchange $ 2,000,000

I-10 Riverside Ave interchange $ 1,000,000

I-5 corridor arteries $ 1,000,000

Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program

This program provides assistance for bridges on public roads including a discretionary set-aside for high cost bridges and for the seismic retrofit of bridges. Funds provided for the bridge discretionary program in fiscal year 2002 shall be available for the following activities in California

Gerald Desmond Bridge replacement $ 4,000,000

Atlantic Bridge $ 300,000


Federal Lands Highways

The Federal Lands Highways program provides funding through four major categories--Indian reservation roads, parkways and park roads, public lands highways (which incorporates the previous forest highways category), and Federally-owned public roads providing access to or within the National Wildlife Refuge System. TEA-21 also established a new program for improving deficient bridges on Indian reservation roads. Funds provided for the federal lands program in California for fiscal year 2002 are as follows:

Belardo Bridge $ 2,956,000

Pala Road improvement project $ 4,000,000

Death Valley Road reconstruction $ 1,712,000

National Corridor Planning and Border Infrastructure Programs

TEA-21 established a new national corridor planning and development program that provides funds for the coordinated planning, design, and construction of corridors of national significance, economic growth, and international or interregional trade. Funds provided for the national corridor planning and border infrastructure programs in California for fiscal year 2002 are allocated as follows:

Bristol/First Street intersection Santa Ana $ 750,000

St. Rt. 905 phase I, CA $ 4,000,000

Arizona 95 to I-40 connector, CA $ 1,650,000

Alameda Corridor-East, ACE Project $ 1,000,000

Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities

TEA-21 reauthorized funding for the construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities. TEA-21 also included a new requirement that $20,000,000 from each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 be set aside for marine highway systems that are part of the National Highway System for use by the states of Alaska, New Jersey and Washington. In fiscal year 2002, TEA-21 provides $38,000,000. Funds provided for the ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities program in fiscal year 2002 are slated to be available for the following California projects:

Treasure Island ferry service $ 800,000

Baylink ferry intermodal center $ 1,500,000


Transportation and Community and System Preservation Pilot Program

The federal TEA-21 legislation established a new transportation and community and system preservation program that provides grants to states and local governments for planning, developing, and implementing strategies to integrate transportation and community and system preservation plans and practices. These grants may be used to improve the efficiency of the transportation system; reduce the impacts of transportation on the environment; reduce the need for costly future investments in public infrastructure; and provide efficient access to jobs, services, and centers of trade. Funds provided for this program in fiscal year 2002 will be available for the following California activities:

Lewis Avenue Bridge $ 400,000

Ortega Street pedestrian overcrossing gateway $ 245,000

Artesia Boulevard rehabilitation $ 400,000


Total - FY 2000 Actual $25,934,815

FY 2001 Estimate $30,652,934

FY 2002 Estimate $32,695,285

Estimated distribution of the federal-aid limitation by state - California

Estimated FY 2002 Formula Limitation - $2,321,476

FY 2002 Minimum Guarantee - $136,738

Total - $2,458,214

Total Change from FY 2001 - $251,501



Rail-highway Crossings Hazard Eliminations

Under TEA-21, an automatic set-aside of $5,250,000 a year is made available for the elimination of rail-highway crossing hazards. A limited number of rail corridors are eligible for these funds, and of these set-aside funds, $200,000 are slated be used to mitigate grade crossing hazards in Van Nuys.




Fiscal Year 2002 Apportionment For Formula Programs by State

State/Urbanized area FY01 Enacted Total FTA programs Change from FY01

California 490,707,188 537,210,850 46,503,662

Antioch-Pittsburg 1,746,188 1,913,162 166,175

Bakersfield 3,756,906 4,112,480 355,574

Chico 762,770 835,326 72,556

Davis 925,955 1,014,032 88,077

Fairfield 1,124,605 1,231,579 106,974

Fresno 5,466,205 5,983,571 517,366

Hemet-San Jacinto 938,254 1,027,501 89,247

Hesperia-Apple Valley 1,196,938 1,310,792 113,854


Indio-Coachella 567,336 621,302 53,966

Lancaster-Palmdale 2,013,282 2,204,787 191,505

Lodi 788,190 863,163 74,973

Lompoc 484,070 530,116 46,046

Los Angeles 196,528,491 215,145,319 18,616,828

Merced 860,583 942,442 81,859

Modesto 2,967,847 3,248,707 280,860

Napa 899,216 984,750 85,534

Oxnard-Ventura 6,885,762 7,538,438 652,676

Palm Springs 1,120,272 1,226,833 106,561

Redding 647,760 709,375 61,615

Riverside-San Bernadino 18,192,733 19,918,102 1,725,369

Sacramento 13,976,121 15,300,050 1,323,929

Salinas 1,704,595 1,866,737 162,142

San Diego 43,257,869 47,358,596 4,100,727

San Francisco-Oakland 115,688,724 126,668,068 10,979,344

San Jose 31,131,496 34,083,510 2,952,014

San Luis Obispo 807,236 884,021 76,785

Santa Barbara 2,637,088 2,887,931 250,843

Santa Cruz 1,363,608 1,493,316 129,708

Santa Maria 1,240,624 1,358,633 118,009

Santa Rosa 2,405,433 2,634,240 228,807

Seaside-Monterey 1,616,401 1,770,154 153,753

Simi Valley 1,530,039 1,675,578 145,539

Stockton 5,040,120 5,517,793 477,673

Vacaville 928,846 1,017,199 88,353

Visalia 1,060,945 1,161,864 100,919

Watsonville 584,493 640,091 55,598

Yuba City 932,621 1,021,332 88,771

Yuma, AZ-CA 3,320 3,636 316

National Planning and Research

Within the $31,500,000 for national planning and research, support is provided for:

CALSTART/WESTART (including BRT evaluation) $3,500,000

Santa Barbara Electric Transportation Institute $ 500,000


The bill provides $568,200,000 for bus purchases and bus facilities, including maintenance garages and intermodal facilities. Bus systems are expected to play a vital role in the mass transportation systems of virtually all cities. FTA estimates that 95 percent of the areas that provide mass transit service do so through bus transit only and over 60 percent of all transit passenger trips are provided by bus. The Committee recommendation assumes the following distribution of bus and bus facilities funds:

State of California:

Anaheim Resort Transit Project $ 1,000,000

Antelope Valley Transit Authority bus facilities $ 1,000,000

Belle Vista park and ride $ 500,000

Boyle Heights bus facility $ 700,000

City of Burbank shuttle buses $ 900,000

City of Calabasas CNG smart shuttle $ 500,000

City of Carpinteria electric-gasoline hybrid bus $ 750,000

Chinatown Intermodal Transportation Center $ 3,500,000

City of Commerce CNG bus and bus facilities $ 2,000,000

City of Fresno buses $ 1,500,000

City of Monrovia natural gas vehicle fueling facility $ 270,000

City of Sierra Madre bus replacement $ 150,000

City of Visalia transit center $ 5,000,000

County of Amador bus replacement $ 119,000

County of Calaveras bus fleet replacement $ 105,000

County of El Dorado bus fleet expansion $ 672,000

Davis, Sacramento hydrogen bus technology $ 1,800,000

El Garces train/intermodal station $ 3,000,000

Foothill Transit, CNG bus and bus facilities $ 2,000,000

Glendale Beeline CNG buses $ 700,000

Imperial Valley CNG bus maintenance facility $ 500,000

Livermore Amador Valley Transit Authority bus facility; park and ride $ 1,500,000

Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority buses $ 3,350,000

Merced County Transit CNG buses $ 750,000

City of Modesto, bus facilities $ 250,000

Monterey-Salinas Transit buses and bus facility $ 3,000,000

Morongo Basin Transit maintenance and administration facility $ 1,000,000

MUNI Central Control Facility $ 2,000,000

Municipal Transit Operators Coalition $ 4,000,000

North Ukiah Transit Center $ 600,000

Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System $ 1,100,000

Placer County, CNG bus project $ 1,500,000

Sacramento Regional bus and bus facilities $ 2,000,000

San Bernardino CNG/LNG buses $ 750,000

San Francisco MUNI CNG bus and facilities $ 2,250,000

San Mateo County Transit Districts clean fuel buses $ 3,000,000

Sam Trans zero-emissions fuel cell buses $ 2,000,000

San Dieguito Transportation Cooperative $ 500,000

Santa Ana bus base $ 2,500,000

Santa Barbara Hybrid Bus rapid transit project $ 4,000,000

Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority clean fuel bus program $ 500,000

Santa Fe Springs CNG bus replacement $ 500,000

Sierra Madre Villa intermodal transportation center $ 750,000

Solana Beach intermodal transit station $ 1,000,000

Sonoma County landfill gas conversion facility $ 1,000,000

South Pasadena circulator bus $ 600,000

Sun Line Transit hydrogen refueling station $ 1,000,000

Transportation Hub at the Village of Indian Hills $ 3,000,000

Yolo County, CNG buses $ 2,000,000


In report language, the House committee included bill language that permits the FTA administrator to reallocate discretionary new start and buses and bus facilities funds from projects which remain unobligated after three years. However, it specifies that funds for certain facilities not be reallocated, including the Riverside County - San Jacinto, CA branch line project ($496,280), the Cotati/Santa Rosa Intermodal Facility ($750,000), and the Cotati/Santa Rosa/Rohnert Park Intermodal Facilities ($744,375). Later, the report noted that certain bus funds may not be needed and should be reallocated, including $496,250 for the Ukiah Transit Center.

Fixed Guideway Modernization

The appropriations bill provides $1,136,400,000 from the capital investment grants program to modernize existing rail transit systems. These funds are to be redistributed, consistent with the provisions of TEA-21. California in FY 2001 received $114,341,490 - in FY 2002 the allocation is $126,085,672, an increase of $11,744,182.

New Starts

The bill provides $1,136,400,000 for new starts. These funds are available for preliminary engineering, right-of-way acquisition, project management, oversight, and construction of new systems and extensions. TEA-21 requires that no more than eight percent of the funding provided for new starts be available for preliminary engineering and design activities. Funds made available in this Act for new starts are to be supplemented with $30,151,779 from projects included in previous appropriations Acts. The bill reallocates unexpended sums from previous appropriations Acts, including the following in California:

Orange County transitway project (1999) $ 2,481,380

San Diego Mid Coast corridor project (1999) $ 1,985,100

Appropriations for Full Funding Grant Agreements (FFGA)

At present, there are 26 existing FFGAs. The total capital cost for these projects is $18.9 billion and the federal commitment is $9 billion. The number of potential new starts projects is expanding rapidly. In fiscal year 2002, of the $1.136 billion guaranteed for new starts projects, approximately $990,000,000 is allocated to projects that currently have an FFGA. This leaves approximately $126,000,000 in truly discretionary funds that can be allocated to new starts projects without FFGAs. Significant appropriations have been provided for those that have a federal share of no more than 60 percent. Less funding has been provided for those projects that have a federal share above 60 percent. In report language, the House appropriators stated, "The Committee strongly encourages the impacted projects to revisit the amount of local funding they plan to contribute and find ways to increase their local share. Although the maximum federal contribution remains at 80 percent, existing demand requires that federal dollars be leveraged to a greater extent than current projections, for that reason, the Committee is very supportive of requiring local sponsors to increase their contributions to projects so that the federal share is no greater than 60 percent."

The bill states that "The $1,166,551,779 provided in this bill together with, previous appropriations, are to be distributed as follows:"

Los Angeles, East Side corridor light rail transit project $ 5,500,000

Los Angeles North Hollywood, extension project $49,686,469

Sacramento, light rail transit extension project $ 328,810

San Diego, Mid Coast corridor project $ 2,000,000

San Diego Mission Valley East, light rail transit extension project $65,000,000

San Francisco, BART extension to the airport project $80,605,331

San Jose, Tasman West, light rail transit project $ 113,336

In explanatory language regarding the Los Angeles Eastside corridor light rail transit project, the House report notes that, "[T]he Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority is proposing to implement a 5.9 mile light rail transit (LRT) line in the Eastside Corridor, connecting downtown Los Angeles with low-to moderate-income communities in east Los Angeles. The proposed system would include 8 stations and will traverse east-ward from Union Station along Alameda street through the City of Terrace, Belvedere, and East Los Angeles communities of unincorporated Los Angeles County. The project would terminate at Beverly and Atlantic boulevards, where a 500 space park-and-ride facility is planned. The project is primarily at grade, with a 1.8-mile mid-section underground in tunnel. The project is intended to improve mobility for residents and employees in the corridor, and pro-vide improved access to employment opportunities throughout the MTA service area. By 2020, 15,000 average weekday boardings are forecasted. ... Through fiscal year 2000, Congress has appropriated $76,480,000 for the Eastside and Mid-City projects. In fiscal year 2001, Congress appropriated $990,000 for the Eastside project. For fiscal year 2002, the Committee recommends $5,500,000."

Regarding the North Hollywood extension project, the report states, "The total capital cost of the North Hollywood project was estimated at $1,310,820,000, of which the revised FFGA commits $681,040,000 in section 5309 new starts funds. Through fiscal year 2001, a total of $631,350,000 has been appropriated for the North Hollywood segment of MOS-3. The Committee recommends $49,686,469 to complete the commitment under the revised FFGA for this project."

Regarding the Sacramento project, the report states, "The Sacramento Regional Transit District (RT) is developing an 11.3-mile light rail project on the Union Pacific right-of-way in the South Sacramento corridor. RT has elected to synchronize the project to available state and local capital funds as well as to corresponding available operating funds. Phase 1 is a 6.3-mile minimum operable segment (MOS) of the full project. The MOS would provide service between downtown Sacramento and Meadowview Road and is expected to capture 25,000 daily trips by the year 2015. The estimated capital cost of the MOS is $222,000,000 (escalated dollars). ... Through fiscal year 2001, Congress has appropriated $113,180,000 in Section 5309 new start funds for the project. For fiscal year 2002, the bill includes $328,810 to fulfill the terms of the FFGA."

For San Diego's Mid Coast project, the report language reads as follows: "The Metropolitan Transit Development Board (MTDB) is proposing to implement a 10.7-mile, 9-station LRT line and improve commuter rail stations in the San Diego Mid Coast Corridor. Proposed investments in the corridor are intended to alleviate congestion on Interstate 5 by extending light rail service north from downtown San Diego to the vicinity of the University of California at San Diego and the growing University City and Carmel Valley areas of the region, and to enhance connectivity between the region's LRT and Coaster commuter rail systems. The MTDB has proposed a phase I of the project, a 3.4-mile, 3 station Balboa extension from the Old Town transit center to Balboa Avenue. FTA approved the MTDB's request to enter preliminary engineering for the initial phase of the LRT extension in September 1996. Work is continuing on a final EIS for the Balboa extension. A record of decision is expected in spring 2001. The estimated cost of phase I is $116,700,000 (escalated), with a section 5309 new starts share of $42,200,000 (36 percent). Through fiscal year 2001, $11,330,000 has been appropriated. The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2002."

The vastly larger San Diego area project is the Mission Valley East light rail transit corridor, for which the committee report states: "The Metropolitan Transit Development Board (MTDB) is planning to build a 5.9-mile Mission Valley East Light Rail Transit (LRT) extension of its Blue Line. The project would extend the existing system from its current termini east of Interstate 15 to the City of La Mesa, where it would connect to the existing Orange Line near Baltimore Drive. The line would serve four new stations at Grantville, San Diego State University (SDSU), Alvarado Medical Center and 70th Street, as well as two existing stations at Mission San Diego and Grossmont Center. The proposed project would include elevated, at-grade, and tunnel portions and provide two park-and-ride lots and a new access road between Waring Road and the Grantville Station. ... The total projected capital cost is $431,000,000 (escalated dollars). On June 22, 2000, FTA issued an FFGA committing a total of $329,960,000 in section 5309 new starts funding for the project. Through fiscal year 2001, Congress has appropriated $53,320,000 in section 5309 new starts funds to this project. The Committee recommends $65,000,000 for fiscal year 2002."

The state's largest FFGA for FY 2002 as proposed by the House is for the BART to SFO rail extension to the airport. The committee language for this project states, "The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) and San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans) are constructing an 8.7-mile, 4-station, BART extension which proceeds southeast from the Colma BART Station through the cities of Colma, South San Francisco and San Bruno, and then continues south along the Caltrain right-of-way to the city of Millbrae. Approximately, 1.5 miles north of the Millbrae Avenue intermodal terminal, an east-west aerial ''wye'' (Y) stub will service the San Francisco International Airport (SFIA). Originally, this project was estimated to cost $1,054,000,000; however, total capital costs have risen to $1,510,200,000 (escalated dollars) due to higher than estimated construction costs. FTA's commitment of $750,000,000 to the project remains unchanged. ... Through fiscal year 2001, $296,440,000 has been appropriated to the BART-SFO Extension. For fiscal year 2002, the Committee recommends $80,605,331."

A small appropriation is also recommended for additions to the nearly complete Tasman West light rail transit project in San Jose. "The Santa Clara County Transit District (SCCTD) is implementing a 12.4-mile light rail system from northeast San Jose to downtown Mountain View, connecting with both the Guadalupe LRT in northern Santa Clara County and the Caltrain commuter rail system. ... Through fiscal year 2001, Congress has appropriated $182,640,000 of section 5309 new start funds to the project. For fiscal year 2002, the Committee recommends $113,336 to fulfill the federal commitment to this project."

Job Access and Reverse Commute Grant Program

The Committee recommends the following allocations of funds in fiscal year 2002:

AC Transit $ 2,000,000

Del Norte County $ 700,000

Los Angeles $ 2,000,000

Metropolitan Transportation Commission, LIFT program $ 3,000,000

Sacramento $ 2,000,000

Santa Clara County $ 500,000


Motor Carrier Safety Grant Program

The bill allows $18,000,000 of the funds provided under the motor carrier safety grant program to be reserved for grants to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas for the hiring of new State motor carrier safety inspectors at the United States/Mexico border and includes provisions pertaining to the distribution of such funds.