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SPECIAL REPORT: House FY 2004 Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations Report and California Implications -- August 14, 2003
[click here for pdf version]
By a vote of 215 to 208 on July 10, 2003, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 2660, a FY 2004 Appropriations bill for the Departments of Labor, Health & Human Services, and Education, after the bill was approved (33-23) by the House Appropriations Committee on June 25, 2003. The House Committee report accompanying the bill is H.Rpt. 108-188. (On June 26, 2003, the Senate Appropriations Committee marked up and passed its version of the bill, S.1356, by a 25-4 vote. The Senate report is S.Rpt. 108-81.)
The following represents a quick analysis of the bill from a California perspective as prepared by the California Institute. We apologize for any errors or omissions in our discussion of these documents, and would appreciate any input/feedback/corrections. The ordering of items generally reflects their presence in the bill and does not mean to imply any relative importance.
This appropriations analysis is available on the California Institute web site at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/lhe04h.htm , and a printable Adobe Acrobat ("pdf") version is available at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/lhe04h.pdf . An analysis of the Senate version (S. 1356) is available at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/lhe04s.htm , and a pdf format version is available at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/lhe04s.pdf.
FY2004 HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES
On June 25, 2003 the House Appropriations Committee approved and reported its version of the Fiscal Year 2004 Appropriations bill for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education and Related Agencies. On July 10, the House passed the bill by a vote of 215-208. The Senate Appropriations Committee marked up its version of the legislation on June 26, 2002.
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
The bill provides $15.2 billion for the Labor Department, which includes $11.7 billion in discretionary funding.
Training and Employment Services
For Training and Employment Services, the House Committee recommended a funding level of $5.1 billion for programs authorized by the Workforce Investment Act. The figure recommended represents a decrease of $123 million from the FY03 funding level and $125 million over the President’s budget request. The bill appropriated $60 million for the Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Program, including $3.6 million for migrant and seasonal housing.
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
The bill appropriates a total of $61.2 billion in funding for the Department of Health and Human Services’ discretionary programs. The total includes $733 million in funding for maternal and child health (MCH) block grants to the states, which is $3 million above last year’s appropriation, and $17.9 million below the Administration’s budget request.
National Institutes of Health
The Committee recommended $27.7 billion to fund the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the purpose of biomedical research activities. The House Appropriations Committee’s FY04 allocation is $681 million higher than the appropriation made in FY03, and is the same amount as requested by the Administration. The total appropriated for the National Institutes of Health includes:
–$4,770,519,000 for the National Cancer Institute
–$2,867,995,000 for the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
–$382,396,000 for the National Institute for Dental and Craniofacial Research
–$1,670,007,000 for the National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
–$1,468,926,000 for the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke
–$4,335,255,000 for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
–$1,923,133,000 for the National Institute of General Medical Services
– $1,245,371,000 for the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
–$648,299,000 for the National Eye Institute
–$630,774,000 for the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
–$994,411,000 for the National Institute of Aging
–$502,778,000 for the National Institute of Arthiritis Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
–$380,377,000 for the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
–$134,579,000 for the National Institute for Nursing Research
–$430,121,000 for the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
–$995,614,000 for the National Institute on Drug Abuse
–$1,382,114,000 for the National Institute of Mental Health
–$478,072,000 for the National Human Genome Research Institute
–$282,109,000 for the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering
–$1,053,926,000 for the National Center for Research Resources
–$116,202,000 for the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
–$192,724,000 for the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities
–$64,266,000 for the John E. Fogarty International Center, and
–$316,040,000 for the National Library of Medicine
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
The House Appropriations bill provides a total program level of $4.589 billion for the Centers for Disease Control. That funding level is $304 million and $321 million above the FY 2003 funding level and the Administration’s budget request, respectively.
Health Services Block Grants
The total appropriated for CDC includes $134.1 million in funding for preventative health and health services block grants to the states, which is the same amount as was appropriated last year and $877,000 below the amount requested by the Bush Administration.
Also included in the total is $1.1 billion in funding for CDC bioterrorism activities, of which $940 million is slated for state and local preparedness and $18 million is appropriated for Anthrax Vaccine research.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
The funding level for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration is set at $3.345 billion for FY04, which represents an amount that is $133 million above last year’s appropriation and $64 million below the amount requested by the Administration.
Center for Mental Health Services
The Committee provided a total of $864 million for the Center for Mental Health Services. The amount appropriated is $30 million above the Administration’s budget request, and $7.4 million more than was appropriated in FY03.
Mental Health Block Grants
The Committee appropriated $435 million for mental health block grants, which is $2 million above the Administration’s request and $2.1 million below the FY 2003 appropriation.
Grants to States for the Homeless (PATH)
The bill provides $50.1 million in funding for the grants to the states for the homeless (PATH) program. The amount appropriated is the same as requested by the Administration and $7 million above last year’s appropriation.
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
The House bill provides $2.2 billion for substance abuse treatment programs. The funding is $183 million more than last year’s appropriation, and $150 million below the Administration’s request.
Substance Abuse Block Grants
The Committee appropriated $1.8 billion for substance abuse block grants, which is $20.6 million above the FY03 funding level, and $10.5 million less than was requested by the Administration.
Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services
The Committee provides $131billion for the federal share of current Medicaid costs, which is $19 billion above the FY03 funding level and $6 billion above the Administration’s budget request. This amount does not include $52 billion which was advance funded in the fiscal year 2003 appropriation. In addition, the House bill provides an advance appropriation of $58 billion for program costs in the first quarter of fiscal year 2005. The Committee has included $6 billion for the temporary increase in the Federal match rate provided in Public Law 108–27. The Committee also included indefinite budget authority for unanticipated costs in fiscal year 2004.
The total appropriated includes $28 million for research, demonstration, and evaluation activities. The total also includes $248 million for state inspections of facilities serving Medicaid and Medicare beneficiaries.
ADMINISTRATION FOR FAMILIES AND CHILDREN
Grants to States for Child Support Enforcement and Family Support Programs
The bill appropriates $3.3 billion for payments to states for child support enforcement and family support programs, an amount that is the same as that requested by the Administration.
The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)
The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) is funded at $1.8 billion. The funding provided for LIHEAP in the House bill is $111 million higher than the amount appropriated last year, and $200 million below the amount requested in the President’s FY04 budget proposal. The bill directs $1.7 billion of this funding to be disbursed through the regular funding formula, and provides that the remaining $100,000,000 should be in contingent emergency funding.
Refugee and Entrant Assistance
To subsidize the states for administering the refugee assistance programs, the bill appropriates $462 million, which is $16.2 million more than was appropriated in FY03 and $227,000 over what was requested by the Administration. A large share of federal money allocated for refugee and entrant assistant is typically expended in California.
Child Care and Development Grant
The bill includes a total of $2.1 billion for the Child Care and Development Grant to supplement state general revenue funds for child care assistance for low-income families. California typically receives slightly more than 12% of these funds. The total is the same amount as requested by the Administration, though it represents an increase of $13,385,000 above the FY 2003 comparable level.
Social Services Block Grant (SSBG)
For the Social Services Block Grant the Committee Report appropriates $1.7 billion, which is the same amount that the Administration requested for FY04 and as was appropriated in FY 2003.
Children and Families Services Programs
The bill appropriates a total of $8.6 billion for the Children and Families Services Programs, which is $30.6 million less than the FY03 appropriation and $88 million below what was requested by the Administration.
The bill provides $6.8 billion in funding for the Head Start program, which provides comprehensive development services for preschoolers from low-income families. The total appropriated would be an increase of $148 million over the FY03 amount and represents the same amount as was requested by the Administration in its FY04 budget proposal.
The House Committee provides $578 million in funding for community service activities, of which $495 million is appropriated for state block grants and $32 million is provided for community economic development block grants.
Payments to States for Foster Care and Adoption Assistance
The bill appropriates $5.1 billion in funding for foster care and adoption assistance payments to the states. This amount represents an increase of $213 million over the amount allocated for such payments in FY03, and is essentially the same amount as requested by the Bush Administration.
Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund
The Committee provides $1.8 billion in total funding for public health and social services emergency funding for homeland security related issues, which includes $50 million for activities to ensure year-round production capacity of influenza vaccine. The total is $119 million below what the Administration requested for such activities.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
The bill appropriates a total of $55.4 billion for the Department of Education’s discretionary programs, a 2.3 billion increase from fiscal year 2003.
The bill proposes to fund Special Education - Grants to States at $9.9 billion, an increase of $1 billion from the same amount in 2003.
Education for the Disadvantaged
The bill includes a total of $14.5 billion for programs under the broad heading of education for the disadvantaged (most of which is the Title I program). This total is $323 million more than the budget request and $769 million more than the fiscal year 2003 appropriation.
The Title I program, which provides aid to states and school districts to help educationally disadvantaged children achieve the same state academic performance standards as other students, is funded at $12.35 billion, the level requested by President Bush and $666 million above last year. The Title I program includes four components: basic grants, concentration grants, targeted grants, and education finance incentive grants.
The bill includes $7.2 billion for Title I Basic Grants, the same level as in 2003. Report language states "The Committee rejects the inclusion of any 100% hold harmless provision because it unfairly penalizes underprivileged and immigrant children in states with growing populations." California has been one of the states hurt by imposition of a Title I 100% hold harmless, which effectively provides more education funds to states where children in need used to be (slower-growing states) than where they are now (faster-growing states such as California).
Funding for concentration grants, which is similar to the basic grant but targets funds to school districts in counties with high levels of disadvantaged children, would also receive level funding of $1.356 billion. The bill includes $3 billion for targeted grants, a sharp increase of $1.35 billion above the preceding year and the same amount as the budget request. Finally, the bill includes $793 million for education finance incentive grants, the same as the request and slightly more than half of the 2003 level.
Other Education for the Disadvantaged Programs
The bill provides $250 million for Even Start, which provides grants for programs focusing on the education of disadvantaged children, age 1–7 years, who live in title I target areas. For Reading First State Grants, the bill provides $1 billion, to be used to assist states and school districts in establishing reading programs for children in kindergarten through grade three. In addition, the bill provides $100 million for the Early Reading First competitive grant program.
The bill includes $396 million (slightly more than last year) for migrant education program formula grants to states to support educational services (including academic education, remedial or compensatory instruction, English for limited English proficient students, testing, and guidance) to children of migratory agricultural workers and fishermen. California receives nearly one third of these funds.
A small increase to a $16 million total would be provided for the college assistance migrant program (CAMP), which provides tutoring and counseling services to first-year, undergraduate migrant students and assists those students in obtaining student financial aid for their remaining undergraduate years.
The bill provides $1.238 billion for federal impact aid programs in FY 2004, an increase of $50 million above 2003 and $223 million above the budget request. Impact aid assists school districts whose tax base is eroded by the presence of federal land and other activities.
For basic support payments, the primary impact aid program, the bill includes $1.073 billion, an increase of $48 million from 2003 and $206 million from the budget request. For payments for children with disabilities, the bill includes level funding of $51 million. For facilities maintenance, the bill proposes level funding of $7.9 million, and for the impact aid construction program formula grants, the bill proposes level funding of $44.7 million.
Finally, the bill would provide $62 million for Impact Aid Payments Related to Federal Property, an increase of $2.4 million above the fiscal year 2003 appropriation and $7 million above the budget request. Funds are awarded to school districts to compensate for lost tax revenue as the result of Federal acquisition of real property.
School Improvement Programs
The bill would provide $5.8 billion for the myriad programs under the school improvement heading, and increase of $85 million from 2003 totals.
Improving Teacher Quality
For state grants for improving teacher quality, the bill proposes $2.93 billion, an $81 million increase from the prior year.
Mathematics and Science Partnerships
The bill includes $150 million for mathematics and science partnerships, an increase of $137.5 million above the budget request and $49.7 million above the fiscal year 2003 level. Funds are allocated by formula based in part on poverty.
Innovative Education Program Strategies State Grants
For Innovative Education Program Strategies State Grants, used to obtain technology, training, and materials related to school based reform, the bill includes $335 million, a reduction of $47 million from 2003.
Education Technology State Grants
For Education Technology State Grants, the bill proposes level funding of $696 million.
21st Century Community Learning Centers
For formula grants pursuant to 21st Century Community Learning Centers, the House bill would provide $1 billion, a $6.5 million increase from 2003 and $400 million more than requested in the President’s budget.
The bill would provide $390 million (a $5.5 million increase) for the state assessments program, which helps states assess school and school district performance.
Education for homeless children and youth
The House bill proposes a $5.4 million increase to $60 million for the Education for homeless children and youth program. Funds for the program are based on the formula for the Title I program.
The bill includes level funding of $122 million for Indian education programs, including $96.5 million for Indian education grants to local education agencies.
Innovation and Improvement
Within $808 million (a $291 million below the 2003 level) for innovation and improvement programs, the bill proposes a reduction to $20 million for the troops to teachers program. The report states that the reduction is due to a moratorium placed on military retirements due to the conflict in Iraq. The transition to teaching program would be increased $7.7 million to $49.4 million, and the charter schools program is slated for a $21 million increase to $220 million. (An additional $75 million would be available under a program providing credit enhancement for charter school facilities.)
The bill would also provide level funding of $109 million for Magnet schools assistance, and it would reduce funds for the Fund for the improvement of education by $107 million to $166 million.
Safe and drug-free schools and communities: State grants
Within $820 million for safe schools and citizenship education, the bill includes $469 million for state formula grants for safe and drug-free schools and communities, the same amount as in fiscal year 2003.
In addition, the bill would provide $23.3 million for State grants for incarcerated youth offenders.
English language acquisition
The House bill proposes level funding of $685.5 million for English language acquisition, which provides formula grants to states to serve limited English proficient students. Not surprisingly, California receives a large share of the grants, which are based on counts of limited English proficient students and immigrant students.
Special Education - the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
The bill provides $11 billion for program for children with disabilities under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). For IDEA - Grants to States, the bill would provide $9.874 billion, a $1 billion increase from FY 2003.
For Preschool Grants under IDEA, the bill proposes nearly level funding of $390 million. And for IDEA’s Grants for Infants and Families, the bill would provide a $12.8 million increase to $447 million.
Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research
The bill proposes $3 billion for Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research, an increase of $46 million from 2003.
The bulk of these funds are provided to states by formula under vocational rehabilitation State grants, which would receive a $50.6 million increase to $2.854 billion for 2004. Within the account is also a migrant and seasonal farmworker account, which would receive level funding of $2.3 million.
Vocational and Adult Education
The House bill proposes $2.1 billion for vocational and adult education, a reduction of $11.8 million from 2003 levels. The vocational education basic grant would receive level funding of $1.2 million under the bill, whereas the adult education formula grant program would receive a $13 million increase to $584 million.
Report language states that the House bill "retains language similar to that contained in last year’s bill that guarantees a portion of the funds will be used to provide civics education services to new immigrants."
Student Financial Assistance
The bill proposes spending of $14.2 billion for student financial assistance, an increase of $884 million from 2003 levels.
The House bill would retain the current $4,050 maximum Pell Grant level, with $12.25 billion in funding for the program.
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants
The bill would provide $760 million in Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG), the same amount as in 2003
Federally-supported work study would be level funded at $1 billion.
The bill includes $66.6 million for matching funds for the leveraging educational assistance partnership (LEAP) program, the same amount as in the previous year.
Higher Education, including TRIO and GEAR UP
The House bill provides nearly $2 billion for higher education programs, a reduction of $107 million below the FY 2003 level. Included are $81.4 million for the strengthening institutions program, and $93.6 million for the Hispanic serving institutions program (an increase of $1.1 million from 2003.
The TRIO program, which provides outreach and support for serving low-income and first-generation college students, would receive a $7.9 million increase to $835 million.
The GEAR UP program would receive a $6.9 million increase to $300 million.
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