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SPECIAL REPORT: Senate FY 2005 Agriculture Appropriations Report and California Implications -- November 2004
[click here for pdf version]
On September 8, 2004, the Senate Committee on Appropriations reported its version of the Fiscal Year 2005 appropriations bill for the Departments of Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies (including the Food and Drug Administration), S. 2803. The Senate Committee Report accompanying the bill is S. Rept. 108-340. The full Senate has yet to act on the bill; it is likely that the appropriations in this bill will be included in an omnibus appropriations bill to be considered by Congress late in 2004 or early in 2005. On July 13, 2004, by a vote of 389-31, the House passed its version of the fiscal year 2005 Appropriations bill for the Department of Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies, H.R. 4766. The House Committee report accompanying the bill is H.Rpt. 108-584.
The following represents a quick analysis of the bill from a California perspective as prepared by the California Institute. We apologize for any errors or omissions in our discussion of these documents, and would appreciate any input/feedback/corrections. The ordering of items generally reflects their presence in the bill and does not mean to imply any relative importance.
This appropriations analysis is available on the California Institute web
site at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/ag05s.htm
and a printable version in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format is available at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/ag05s.pdf
. Analysis of the House version of the bill is also available on the California
Institute web site, in html text format at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/ag05h.htm
and in printable pdf format at http://www.calinst.org/pubs/ag05h.pdf
SENATE FISCAL YEAR 2005 APPROPRIATIONS BILL FOR THE DEPARTMENTS OF AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, AND RELATED AGENCIES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
The bill provides funding of $26.9 billion dollars for Agricultural programs, which is $5.8 billion less than FY04 funding levels.
Agricultural Research Service
The Committee funds the Agricultural Research Service, which is responsible for basic, applied and developmental agricultural research, at $1.1 billion, which is $7.7 million more than FY04 funding levels and $103 million than the Administrationís budget request. Among a large variety of research efforts, the following affect California:
- Animal Waste Treatment An increase of $50,000 in funding.
- Arid Lands Research Level funding from FY04
- Ecology of Tamarix Level funding from FY04
- Glassy Winged Sharpshooter and Pierceís Disease Level funding for the Agriculture Research Service installation in Parlier, CA. The Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter and the disease it transmits, Pierce Disease, is a grave threat to citrus and grape production in California.
- Improved Animal Waste Management Level funding from FY04
- Red Imported Fire Ants Level funding from FY04
- Sudden Oak Disease Syndrome Level funding from FY04. This is an essential issue for California, whose Oak tress have been decimated by the disease.
The bill also includes continuation for the following California programs:
- Broomweed Biological Controls Albany, CA
- Food Safety for Listeria and E.coli Albany, CA
- Greenhouse Lettuce Germplasm Salinas, CA
- Olive Fruit Fly Parlier, CA
- Organic Minor Crop Research Salinas, CA
- Pierce Disease/Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter Davis, CA; Parlier, CA
- Post-Harvest and Controlled Atmosphere Chamber (lettuce) Salinas, CA
- Sustainable Vineyard Practices Davis, CA
- Sustainable Viticulture Research Davis, CA
- Verticillium Wilt Salinas, CA
- Water Management Research Laboratory Brawley, CA
Finally, the bill provides funding for two building projects in California:
- Grape Genomics Research Center Davis, CA - $2.7 million
- U.S. Agricultural Research Station Salinas, CA - $4.5 million
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
The bill funds the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service at $628 million, which is $8 million greater than comparable FY04 appropriations and $127 million more than the Presidentís request. California receives a number of special research grants:
- Exotic pest disease - $1.8 million
- Ozone air quality - $425,000
- Pierceís Disease - $2.2 million
- Sudden oak death - $99,000
- Viticulture consortium (shared between CA, NY, PA) - $1.7 million
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
The bill funds the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) at $787 million, which is $70 million more than FY04 funding and $41 million less than the budget request. The APHIS is responsible for protecting the animal and plant resources of the Nation from diseases and pests.
California receives a number of APHIS earmarks, including:
- $500,000 for Import inspection to enhance inspection and surveillance activities related to products entering the State of California.
- level funding for the California County Pest Detection Augmentation Program
- an increase of $7500,00 for research into Pierceís disease
- $2.1 million for research into the imported fire ant
Food Safety and Inspection Service
The Committee funds the Food Safety and Inspection Service at $824 million, which is $43 million more than FY04 funding levels and $15 million less than the budget request.
Risk Management Agency
The Committee recommends funding of $72 million for the Risk Management Agency (RMA), which is $1 million greater than FY04 funding and $19 million less than the Administration request. The Committee ncourages the development of a rop insurance program for avocados to cover losses due to quarantines, and to do so in close cooperation with the California avocado industry.
The bill funds all conservation programs at $994 million dollars, which is $32 million below FY04 funding.
Natural Resources Conservation Service
The bill funds the Natural Resources Conservation Service at $846 million, which is $2 million less than FY 04 appropriations and $135 million more than the Presidentís request. This agency provides financial and technical assistance to enhance agricultural productivity and to protect the natural resource base. California does not receive any of the specific earmarks outlined in the bill.
RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
The bill funds rural development programs at $2.4 billion, which is $6 million less than FY04 funding.
Rural Community Advancement Program
The Committee funds the Rural Community Advancement Program at $733 million, which $19.5 million below FY04 funding and $192 million greater than the Presidentís request.
The Committee s aware of and encourages the Department to consider applications for water and waste disposal loans and grants for three projects in CA:
- Calaveras County Water District
- Laytonville Waste Water Treatment Project
- Lake County Full Circle Project
Rural Housing Service
The Committee funds the Rural Housing Service at $1.4 billion, which is $7.5 million more than FY04 funding.
DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS
The bill funds all Domestic Food Programs at $50.5 billion, which is $3.2 billion greater than FY04 comparable funding.
Child Nutrition Programs
The Committee recommends funding for Child Nutrition Programs of $11.4 billion, which is $37 million less than FY04 and equal to the Presidentís budget request. Funding under this program includes:
- $6.8 billion for the National School Lunch Program
- $1.8 billion for the School Breakfast Program
- $2.0 billion for the Child and Adult Care Food Program
Formula distributions under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) depend on the number of children served meals who live in families at certain thresholds above poverty. Free lunches are served to children from families earning at or below 130 percent of the poverty line, and reduced-price meals are served to children from families earning at or below 185 percent of the poverty line. California is home to an above-average share of the nationís children in both eligibility categories, so the state receives approximately 14 percent of NSLP funding.
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children (WIC)
The bill appropriates $5.2 billion for WIC, which is $506 million more than FY04 funding and $288 million greater than the Presidentís request. Poverty is also a significant factor in WIC distributions, resulting in an above-average distribution of funding to California.
Food Stamp Program
The bill funds the food stamp program, which accounts for more than half of the Domestic Food Programs account, at $33.6 billion, which is $3 billion more than FY04 funding and the same as the budget request.
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
The bill funds the Food and Drug Administration at $1.8 billion, which is $127 million more than FY04 funding levels and $29 million less than the Administration request. According to the report, the Committee recognizes the interest in creating a new Center of Excellence at the University of California at Davis, but is unable to provide funding
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